Dental bridge

dental bridge
6 March 2019 cosmetic dentistry

Dental bridge

If you have missed one or more of your teeth and there is a gap between your teeth, dental bridge is an excellent option to fill the space. The missing teeth can cause speaking and eating problems, discomfort in your jaw, pain when chewing as well as poor nutrition and self-confidence. Usually a bridge consists of 2 crown and a false tooth which is held in place by the surrounding teeth on either side of the gap. Bridges are made of either gold, porcelain, alloys or combination of these materials.

Different types of dental bridge

There are four main types of bridge in order to fill the space of missing teeth. Your doctor can diagnose which type of bridge is the right option for you.

Traditional fixed bridge

This is the most common type of the bridge that is made of either porcelain fused to metal or ceramics. Traditional bridge consists of one or more fake teeth which are held in the space of missing teeth by crowns. These crowns attach to the surrounding teeth.

Cantilever bridge

This type of bridge is used when only one tooth is next to the missing tooth. It is not recommended for back teeth and mainly used for missing front teeth.

Maryland bonded bridges

It is a more conservative method. Maryland bridge is made of metal or porcelain framework to keep the fake tooth in place. Since this bridge is not held in place by crown, they are not very strong and they are not proper for teeth that have a lot of biting force. They only are used for front teeth. Actually they are a temporary treatment and usually used for young adults who have not finish growing.

Implant supported bridge

This bridge is suitable when more than one tooth is missed. They hold in place by implant and attach to the jawbone for maximum stability.

Dental bridge placement

Dental bridge placement

Usually the process of placing bridge takes two dental visit. In first session your dentist takes an impression of your teeth and send to the dental lab to prepare the final bridge. In this session your dentist prepares the surrounding teeth of the missing tooth in order to attach the final bridge to those teeth. He/she also set a temporary bridge in the place to protect the prepared teeth for final bridge.

In the second visit, your dentist will place, fit and adjust the final custom-made bridge in place. He/she will ask you to bite down a soft piece of foam to make the imprint and ensure that you are comfortable with your bridge.

Actually there is no recovery time after the procedure and you can eat normally as the bridge is placed in your mouth. During the procedure you don’t feel pain because use of the local anesthetic and if you feel any pain after the bridge placement you can take over the counter pain killer.

Benefits

Dental bridge has many advantages including:

  • Provide you a beautiful smile
  • Help prevent TMJ disorder
  • Restore proper speaking and chewing
  • Prevent of surrounding teeth loss
  • Improve the biting problems by replacing the missing teeth
  • Reduce the risk of bone loss
  • Enable you to enjoy different types of diet
  • Provide extra support for the facial structure

Risks

Although dental bridge is the best treatment method for patients who have missing teeth but this is also associated with some risks and side effects including:

  • Bridges are not removable and it is difficult to keep them clean.
  • There is possibility of collapse if the bridge span is too long or the surrounding teeth are not enough strong.
  • There is an increasing risk of decay for neighboring teeth.
  • Although bridge has maximum stability but sometimes need to be replaced.
  • In rare cases, patients may have allergic reaction to the anesthetic or the restorative materials which are used in bridge.

There are also some temporary side effects with dental bridge such as tooth sensitivity, ptyalism (excess saliva), gum irritation and speech difficulties that will improve over the times.

The procedure to place your dental bridge

You will need 2 appointments to have your bridge prepared and placed on your teeth. Early before starting your bridge making process, your mouth is checked for any signs of tooth decay, crooked teeth, gum and jaw conditions to give you a better and picture perfect treatment plan. If there is no need for other dental treatments, you will head on to get your bridges. Dental bridge procedure steps:

  • Your dentist prepares the neighboring teeth(a